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Points to Remember on Criminal Law With regards to criminal and penal law, it refers to a similar type of law. The type of punishments under these laws will be based on the jurisdiction and the offense that has been made, and it can be distinctive and severe. The most common forms of punishment that these laws have include probation, imprisonment, parole, execution and fines. In some instances, the line between criminal and civil law is not that clear anymore. A thousand years ago, people coming from an indigenous group were the ones who created the first written code of law. These early codes did not actually separate the criminal and civil law. The failure to follow the rules and the probability of imposing severe consequences is what makes a criminal law distinctive. In the event that imprisonment is ordered, it can be solitary and an individual can get imprisoned for the rest of his life. A different kind of confinement is called house arrest where an individual is required to adhere to the rules that are set by the parole or probationary department. For those people who are convicted, their property and money may be taken from them.
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The five categories of penalties include deterrence, punishment, restitution, retribution and incapacitation. These penalties are different based on the jurisdiction..
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If a crime affects the society or an entire area because of its odious nature, the law that applies to it is called public international law. Soon after world war 2 with the trials that have been made in a certain place, public international law started. Through these trials, the individuals started to be held accountable for their actions even if what they were doing was in behalf of the government. These individuals cannot even claim sovereign immunity. Most laws are enforced in such a way that it created a fear of punishment. Criminal law usually forbids undesirable type of acts. A guilty act, also referred as actus reus requires further evidence that a certain crime was really committed by an action, a lack of action or a threat of action. In addition, a physical element is needed for actus reus. Actus reus applies if someone is in charge of someone else, regardless if it is through a contract, living together, blood relation, or by means of an official position. Dangerous situations due to a person’s own actions is also applicable to actus reus. Circumstances like these are applicable for the Good Samaritan law. There are certain crimes that does not require more such regulatory offenses. These type of crimes are referred as strict liability offenses. It is very important to accomplish the proof of intent for these crimes due to its potential severity of consequences.